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Superior Labrum Anterior to Posterior (SLAP) Lesion Tear


Symptoms of this injury can resemble many other shoulder issues. This particular shoulder injury, however, differs in that it involves tearing of the ring of cartilage surrounding the shoulder joint socket. This cartilage, called the labrum, helps stabilize the shoulder joint. Learn more.

Causes & Triggers

  • Acute trauma
  • Aging
  • Fall (especially on outstretched arm)
  • Forceful pull
  • Motor vehicle accident
  • Overuse
  • Repetitive motion
  • Throwing injury

Signs & Symptoms

  • Catching
  • Grinding
  • Instability
  • Limited range of motion
  • Locking
  • Pain
  • Popping
  • Weakness

Tips & Treatment

  • This injury is common among athletes and weight lifters who engage in repetitive overhead motion.
  • Some SLAP tears result from age-related wear and tear.
  • Non-surgical treatment includes rest, ice, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) medication and/or physical therapy.
  • If non-operative treatment does not resolve the condition, surgical intervention may be necessary.

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