As the temperatures rise and the desire to enjoy outdoor activities increases, so does the likelihood of developing heat illness. Heat illness has several forms, ranging from minor to severe. Luckily, developing complications is preventable if the early signs of heat illness are recognized quickly and treated properly.

 Early Signs of Heat Illness 

 

Early Signs of Heat Stroke 

  • Headache, dizziness, confusion, and disorientation
  • Excessive sweating and/or flushing
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea and/or vomiting
  • Chills and/or goosebumps

 Signs of Exertional Heat Stroke 

  • Core body temperature greater than 105 degrees
  • Signs of nervous system dysfunction, such as confusion, aggression, and loss of consciousness
  • Increased heart rate
  • Rapid breathing
  • Seizures
  • Low blood pressure

 Safety Tips

  • Have cold beverages, such as sports drinks, on hand if you anticipate exposure to high temperatures lasting longer than an hour 
  • Hydrate before, during, and after physical activity 
  • Wear clothing that is lightly colored, lightweight, and protects against the sun.
  • If you are participating in activities that require extra equipment, such as helmets or padding, remove these items if conditions become extreme


If you experience any signs or symptoms of serious heat illness, seek medical attention as quickly as possible.

Source: National Athletic Trainers' Association