An In-Depth Look at Total Knee Replacements

Follow along as knee and hip replacement specialist, Dr. Graham Pallante, gives a comprehensive overview of total knee replacements. Dr. Pallante discusses when it may be time for a knee replacement, what to expect before, during and after surgery, and the typical recovery process after surgery.

Dr. Pallante sees patients at our Gahanna/Reynoldsburg and Grove City locations.

When is it Time for a Total Knee Replacement?

  • Total knee replacements are typically performed on patients who have osteoarthritis of the knee, another autoimmune disease, or have had a prior knee injury.
  •  Patients normally start to consider a total knee replacement if they are experiencing pain and/or decreased mobility that is progressively getting worse.

What are Conservative Treatments Patients Can Try?

  • Before jumping right to surgery, your physician will want explore conservative treatment methods first. These may include:
    • Over-the-counter medications, such as Advil or Aleve
    • Prescription medications  

What Can a Patient Expect with a Total Knee Replacement?

  • Pre-surgery
    • Address any other medical concerns, such as heart or lung conditions, to mitigate risk
    • Your physician may also recommend starting physical therapy, so you get used to some of the DME equipment you will use and exercises you will need to perform after surgery.
  • During Surgery
    • Total knee replacement procedures typically take between 60-90 minutes
  • After Surgery
    • Some patients are good candidates for a same day outpatient total knee replacement, while other patients may need to spend a day or so in the hospital before returning home. You will make a plan with your physician prior to surgery to identify the best option for you!

What is the Recovery Process for a Total Knee Replacement?

  • During the first 1-2 weeks after surgery:
    • Minimal activity
    • Many patients use a walker to assist with balance


  • Within the next 3-5 weeks:
    • Gradually increase mobility
    • Graduate from a walker to a cane to assist with balance
  • Within the next 4 weeks:
    • Perform light exercises
    • Run errands, such as grocery shopping
  • About 80% of recovery is complete within the first 2-3 months after surgery.

For the right patient, a knee replacement can provide long lasting relief from pain and limited mobility, and help you get back to doing the activities you love!