Unusual yet descriptive, turf toe was so named for its high incidence among artificial turf-playing athletes. Essentially it is a hyperextension of the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint. Read on for more.

Causes & Triggers

  • Hard, artificial surfaces
  • Keeping the forefoot grounded and the heel raised while the big toe pushes off, as in sports activities
  • Soft, flexible athletic shoes

Signs & Symptoms

  • Hot to the touch
  • Immediate pain and/or pain that worsens in the first 24 hours
  • Limited range of motion
  • Popping or cracking
  • Swelling

Tips & Treatments

  • This injury can range from minor stretching of the soft tissue to moderate tearing to severe and total dislocation.
  • Treat with RICE: Rest, ice, compression and elevation until consulting with an orthopedic specialist.
  • Proper evaluation and treatment may include a physical exam, X-rays or MRI, anti-inflammatory medications and more.