The arch of the foot has a very important job: to absorb the pressure of the body when standing or walking. Sometimes the band of tissue running from heel to forefoot (the plantar fascia) gets irritated or inflamed. Find out why it happens and how to fix it.

Causes & Triggers

  • Heel spur
  • Inflammatory arthritis
  • Joint tightness or looseness
  • Overuse
  • Poor biomechanical alignment
  • Sprain
  • Strain
  • Stress fracture
  • Trauma

Signs & Symptoms

  • Extreme pain, usually in the morning or after prolonged rest
  • Irritation or inflammation

Tips & Treatments

  • Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of pain on the bottom of the heel.
  • Treat the condition promptly before it worsens.
  • Treatment for plantar fasciitis may include rest, ice and anti-inflammatory or corticosteroid medications. A physician may also recommend orthotics, splints or physical therapy.
  • If these techniques are not effective, surgery may be needed to relieve tension on the plantar fascia.