The tibia, fibula and talus are the three bones that make up the ankle. When one or more of them breaks, the result is a broken ankle, also known as ankle fracture. Read on to learn how it’s diagnosed and treated.

Causes & Triggers

  • Accident
  • Fall
  • Injury
  • Misstep

Signs & Symptoms

  • Bruising
  • Deformity
  • Difficulty walking
  • Inability to bear much, or any, weight
  • Increased pain with activity; decreased with rest
  • Sudden, throbbing pain
  • Swelling
  • Tenderness
  • Trouble putting on or taking off shoe

Tips & Treatments

  • Multiple ligaments from bone to ankle create a stable, secure joint.
  • A snapping sound or feeling is not a definitive sign of fracture.
  • Like ankle sprain, the severity of ankle fracture varies.
  • A fracture diagnosis can indicate anything from small, tiny bone cracks to a compound, bone-sticking-through-the-skin break.
  • Physicians classify ankle fractures by the bone that breaks:
    • Broken fibula = lateral malleolus fracture
    • Broken tibia and fibula = bimalleolar fracture

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